National Curriculum for English
Purpose of Study
English has a prominent place in education and in society. A high-quality education in English will teach pupils to speak and write fluently so that they can communicate their ideas and emotions to others, and through their reading and listening, others can communicate with them. Through reading in particular, pupils have a chance to develop culturally, emotionally, intellectually, socially and spiritually. Literature, especially, plays a key role in such development. Reading also enables pupils both to acquire knowledge and to build on what they already know. All the skills of language are essential to participating fully as a member of society; pupils who do not learn to speak, read and write fluently and confidently are effectively disenfranchised.
The overarching aim for English in the national curriculum is to promote high standards of language and literacy by equipping pupils with a strong command of the spoken and written language, and to develop their love of literature through widespread reading for enjoyment. The national curriculum for English aims to ensure that all pupils:
- read easily, fluently and with good understanding
- develop the habit of reading widely and often, for both pleasure and information
- acquire a wide vocabulary, an understanding of grammar and knowledge of linguistic conventions for reading, writing and spoken language
- appreciate our rich and varied literary heritage
- write clearly, accurately and coherently, adapting their language and style in and for a range of contexts, purposes and audiences
- use discussion in order to learn; they should be able to elaborate and explain clearly their understanding and ideas
- are competent in the arts of speaking and listening, making formal presentations, demonstrating to others and participating in debate
Below are word documents to show the National Curriculum Content in all year groups for English.
At Killamarsh Infant and Nursery School we teach children to write using a cursive font through the Letter Joins programme. By the end of KS1 children are taught how to join their letters neatly and accurately.
We aim for our children to develop a neat, legible, speedy handwriting style using continuous, cursive letters.
Pupils should be taught to:
sit correctly at a table, holding a pencil comfortably and correctly
begin to form lower-case letters in the correct direction, starting and finishing in the right place
form capital letters
form digits 0-9
understand which letters belong to which handwriting ‘families’ (ie letters that are formed in similar ways) and to practise these
Pupils should be taught to:
- form lower-case letters of the correct size relative to one another
- start using some of the diagonal and horizontal strokes needed to join letters and understand which letters, when adjacent to one another, are best left unjoined
- write capital letters and digits of the correct size, orientation and relationship to one another and to lower-case letters
- use spacing between words that reflects the size of the letters
All our children take part in a 20 minute daily phonics session. The children are assessed and split into groups so that children are taught within the appropriate phase. Assessment is continuous and children will be moved between the groups as they are ready. Any children needing extra phonics support will have extra booster sessions.
Children are taught how to break down words into their individual sounds in order to read and how to put sounds together for writing. The main scheme used to teach phonics in school is Letters and Sounds through the LCP planning. This is heavily supplemented by Phonics Play which parents can also engage with at home.
Year 1 children will take a phonics screening check in June. Parents will be informed of the results with the annual school report.
You will be invited into school to see how we teach phonics at the different stages. We hold phonics workshops for parents throughout the year. If you would like further information or support, please pop in and have a chat with your class teacher.
The school uses Book Banding for reading, using a range of schemes including Oxford Reading Tree, Floppy's Phonics, Project X and Big Cat. This supports the children to develop a range of skills including using their phonics to decode and high frequency word recognition within fiction and non-fiction texts. Other materials include the use of Interactive White Board programmes.
Reading mornings take place each term for all year groups and this a good opportunity to join us and enjoy reading with your child. Staff are available to answer your questions and offer advice.