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Killamarsh Infant and

Nursery School

Brighter Beginnings

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Early Years Education

The Early Years Foundation Stage


The Early Years Foundation Stage is a national framework for 0-5 year olds and forms the basis for all teaching and learning within our reception class.  There are seven areas of learning and development within this stage of early years education.  At Killamarsh Infant and Nursery School we strive to ensure that early years experiences are happy, active, exciting, fun and secure.  We provide playful learning opportunities with staff that support their development, care and learning needs.


The Early Years Curriculum develops the 3 prime areas first.  These are:


Communication and Language – Children will learn to express themselves effectively, showing awareness of listeners’ needs; to use language to imagine and recreate roles and experiences in play situations.  Listen attentively in a range of situations.  Give their attention to what others say and respond appropriately.


Physical Development – Children will develop coordination and control over their bodies enabling them to become active and interactive within their environment.  They will develop mastery over large and small movements becoming confident in using a range of equipment and tools effectively.  They will be encouraged to make healthy choices and develop independence in their self-care skills.


Personal, Social and Emotional Development – Through sensitive, nurturing support children are helped to develop a positive self-image and have confidence in their own abilities.  They will learn important life skills of resilience and perseverance to reach a goal or acquire new skills; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in different situations and have the confidence to make the right choices.


These prime areas are those most essential for your child’s healthy development and future learning.

As children grow, the prime area will help them to develop skills in 4 specific areas.  These are:


Literacy – Children will develop a love of literature in both the spoken and written form: linking letters and sounds to read and write simple words becoming early readers and writers; engage and play with language, stories, characters, extending their vocabulary and imagination through drama, story-telling and role play.


Mathematics – Through practical and real life play opportunities children will develop and improve their counting, use of numbers, addition and subtraction, shape, space and measures.  They will develop an understanding of maths through stories, songs, games and imaginative play, creating resilient mathematicians.


Understanding the world – Children will have the opportunity through a variety of exciting themes and topics to make sense of the world in which they live and how they can influence it.  Learning about their own lives and how they have changed in their own lifetime; making sense of the physical world, the local community, finding out about people, places, technology and the environment.


Expressive Arts and Design – Enables children to express feelings, emotions and extend their imaginations and ideas through exploration, with a wide range of media and materials through art, music, dance, movement, role-play, design and technology.


Planning and guided children’s activities will reflect on the different ways that children learn, we support children in using the three characteristics of effective teaching and learning. These are:

• playing and exploring - children investigate and experience things, and ‘have a go’;

• active learning - children concentrate and keep on trying if they encounter difficulties, and enjoy achievements; and

• creating and thinking critically - children have and develop their own ideas, make links between ideas, and develop strategies for doing things.

If you would like more information on what we are looking for in all these different areas of learning, please click on the full progress tracker link below.

Take a look at our EYFS policy below if you would like more information.

Here are a few documents full of information and guidance on how you can support your child at home.